In terms of Rome's public transport systems, there's one big purchase you have to make the moment you get here: a travel pass. These are special tickets to help you gain unlimited access to various public transport systems in the city. They depend on the time covered by each pass, some are valid for an entire day, some for three days, while others you can use for a whole week or the entire month. Though it's not a necessity, per se, getting one for yourself, especially the monthly passes, will make traveling in and around the city that much easier and time-proficient.
Unfortunately, such passes don't work on taxis. When you use one, you'd still have to pay the metered fare of your trip. And if you used a ride-hailing app to get one, there's usually an additional fee. Still, taxis are often the most common and one of the most reliable modes of transportation in Rome. Since most of the city are pretty busy anyway, you'll likely have no difficulty hailing one on the street. And more often than not, the taxi drivers in the Italian capital are trustworthy and won't trick you to paying more than you're required.
If you'd rather save money, taking a Roman bus is always a great option. The city currently as a total of 350 separate lines to take, allowing you a load of options when you plan to go to certain areas. For the most part, you'd want to take the Urban lines of buses in the city to get to the many hotspots within the heart of the Italian capital. At night—specifically starting at midnight—these lines are replaced by the Night buses. If you want to go to the outskirts of the city, you take the Express lines, and traveling to the neighboring towns would be better if you take the Exact bus lines.
Taking Rome's metro system underground is also always a good idea. It's here where you can use your daily/weekly/monthly pass to skip the queue at the ticket booths. With three separate lines operating, you'll likely find a stop that's nearest to your destination. In fact, tourists benefit from taking the underground metro the most. A lot of the stops of the various lines are right on the spot or extremely near the most famous tourist spots in the city. You just have to make it on time as the trains only operate from 5:30 am to 11:30 pm from Sunday to Thursday and up to 1:30 am on Fridays and Saturdays.
Not into riding an underground train? Don't worry! A lot of Romans feel the same way! That's why the city has its Urban Railway system. It has three specific lines—Lido, Viterbo, and Giardanitti—and they go to practically where the underground metro trains go. The good thing about this system is that you can better pay attention to where you're going. Since you can look out into the window and see where the train you're on is traveling to, you're more aware if which part of the city you'll end up in. This is especially helpful for those in Rome for the first time.
Rome's trams relatively work the same way. The only big difference is that this public transport system doesn't go to the center of the city. The trams' six lines skirt around the different parts of the Italian capital, but never really within the heart of the city. And this is why it's mostly locals who use the trams. Since not a lot of tourists go on this system, the residents who do enjoy spacious trams during their commute. Fortunately, this system also accepts the many travel passes you can get in the stations.
If you ant that cinematic Rome experience, you should get a Vespa. These iconic scooters are part of the city's heritage, having come up in various films. TV series, and more set in or about the city. Though not a lot of locals actually use them as an everyday mode of transportation; it's practically only a tourist thing. But that doesn't mean it's bad. No matter what people might think when you rent and ride one, it's still an easy, affordable, and extremely fun way to go around and explore Rome. Just make sure you don't collide with a fruit stand or something!
You'd be surprised by how easy it actually is to travel around Rome. The Italian capital is known to be one of the busiest cities in the world. But it's still manageable to explore thanks to its very efficient and ultimately fun public transport systems!
Since you can save quite a lot by taking any of the city's public transport systems, you might want to invest in a luxurious Roman home while you're here. It'll make your stay in the Italian capital that much more memorable!