Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula. It has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Erice and Selinunte. The terrain of inland Sicily is mostly hilly and is intensively cultivated. Sicily and its surrounding small islands have some highly active volcanoes. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and still casts black ash over the island with its ever-present eruptions. Sicily has long been noted for its fertile soil due to volcanic eruptions and the local agriculture is also helped by the pleasant climate of the island. Main agricultural products are wheat, citrons, oranges, lemons, tomatoes, olives, olive oil, artichokes, prickly pear, almonds, grapes, pistachios and wine. Sicily is the third largest wine producer in Italy, the region is known mainly for fortified Marsala wines. Sicily is also known for its liqueurs, such as the Amaro Averna produced in Caltanissetta and the local Limoncello. The island is home to some of the best beaches in the world and with wonderful weather year round, it’s warm enough to visit the beach for half the year. From secluded sandy inlets and long stretches of pebble beaches to rocky crags and private coves, you’ll find a beach for every day of the year in Sicily.
The long beach at Cefalu is a popular favorite with a gorgeous historic backdrop. Cefalu is a small historical town known as one of the most beautiful villages in Italy. Cefalu beaches are famous for its golden sand. Walking through Sicily, history unfolds at your feet. There are an abundance of historical sites, churches, and museums, and many of the cities are some of the best UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Italy due to their dramatic architecture from various time periods. First there is Ragusa; a UNESCO World Heritage Site at the southern tip of the island. Clinging to a steep hillside with incredible views, you’ll find romantic winding streets, narrow cobbled walk ways, charming historic churches, and dramatic medieval architecture throughout. Then there’s Syracuse, a beautifully preserved historic town, and another UNESCO Site. Syracuse is a dramatic mix of the old and new. It was once a key city in the Greek empire, and ancient Greek ruins are spread all over town. Those searching for Greek architecture should also visit the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento.